Method and Appraisal in Economics
The central problem of the essays in this volume is the problem of theory appraisal in economics. In the history of economic theory we find few widely recognised theoretical achievements and in the history of the methodology of economics we find little agreement concerning the standards by which we should judge a theory as an improvement on its predecessors.
Fifty Years of the International Court of Justice
To mark the fiftieth anniversary of the International Court of Justice, a distinguished group of international judges, practitioners and academics has undertaken a major review of its work. The chapters discuss the main areas of substantive law with which the Court has been concerned, and the more significant aspects of its practice and procedure in dealing with cases before it. It discusses the role of the Court in the international legal order, and its relationship with the UN's political organs. The thirty-three chapters are presented under five headings: the Court; the sources and evidences of international law; substance of international law; procedural aspects of the Court's work; the Court and the UN. It has been prepared in honour of Sir Robert Jennings, judge and sometime President of the Court.
La libert de prendre des risques
La réflexion juridique actuelle à propos de la liberté de prendre des risques semble être partout et nulle part à la fois. Partout car beaucoup des grands débats juridiques de notre temps, ceux relatifs au principe de précaution, au fonctionnement des marchés financiers ou à la portée de l'acceptation des risques dans le contrat et la responsabilité, portent en définitive sur la nécessaire conciliation à établir entre la liberté de prendre des risques et l'exigence actuelle de sécurité. Nulle part pourtant, car la liberté de prendre des risques demeure non formulée en droit. Ni le législateur, ni les juges n'emploient l'expression, ni même la doctrine. Contenue jusqu'à présent silencieusement dans les libertés personnelle, contractuelle ou d'entreprendre, elle pourrait être appelée à sortir de l'ombre à la faveur de la concentration du débat juridique autour d'elle. C'est en tout cas le sens de cette étude: donner au droit la mission de tracer le régime juridique de cette liberté, ses fondements, frontières, sanctions et récompenses, afin d'inciter aux prises de risque nécessaires à l'odre social et de dissuader celles excessives.
European Banking and Financial Law
In recent decades, the volume of EU legislation on financial law has increased exponentially. Banks, insurers, pension funds, investment firms and other financial institutions all are increasingly subject to European regulatory rules, as are day to day financial transactions. Serving as a comprehensive and authoritative introduction to European banking and financial law, the book is organized around the three economic themes that are central to the financial industry: (i) financial markets; (ii) financial institutions; and (iii) financial transactions. It covers not only regulatory law, but also commercial law that is relevant for the most important financial transactions. It also explains the most important international standard contracts such as LMA loan contracts and the GMRA repurchase agreements. Covering a broad range of aspects of financial law from a European perspective, it is essential reading for students of financial law and European regulation.
Negotiation Behavior is a theoretical synthesis of what is known about negotiation as a general phenomenon. The principles presented are illustrated with examples of negotiation from many specific realms. A great deal of attention is devoted to the motives, perceptions, and other microprocesses underlying the behavior of negotiators and to the results of laboratory experiments on negotiation. Comprised of seven chapters, this book begins by defining negotiation and contrasting it with other forms of multiparty decision making, along with its significance and the nature of research on the subject. Two fundamental theoretical notions are presented: the strategic choice model and the goal/expectation hypothesis. Subsequent chapters focus on where bargainers place their demands as well as the strategies they use to foster their interests while moving toward agreement. The reader is introduced to key concepts such as demand level and concession rate, competitive tactics, and coordinative behavior, together with integrative agreements and third-party intervention in negotiation (mediation and arbitration). This monograph will be of value to practitioners in the fields of organizational and occupational psychology, social psychology, economics, industrial relations, and international relations.
Middlemarch is a monumental novel, and as much a delight to read today as it has ever been. George Eliot's immortal creations, the saintly and beautiful Dorothea Brooke, the dry-as-dust Edward Casaubon and the anguished progressive Tertius Lydgate, shine forth as some of the most exquisitely drawn characters in all of English literature. Eliot was at first criticised for the "inartistic" realism of her story, which she subtitled "A Study of Provincial Life" as if to claim it as a scholarly contribution to the new science of sociology. But what she had really written was an eternal masterpiece of candid observation, emotional insight and transcending humour.
Patent Protection for Second Medical Uses
AIPPI Law Series Volume 2 Patent Protection for Second Medical Uses explains the key jurisdictional differences and challenges in protecting and enforcing second medical use (SMU) claims. When a party proposes an SMU for a known substance or compound, special issues of patentability arise as they form an important component of the potential second-line patent protection. Jurisdictions around the world vary significantly in their treatment of such claims. This compendium of contributions from nineteen jurisdictions worldwide is the result of the need for a broader and more detailed exposition in SMU in order to allow comparison between jurisdictions. What's in this book: The authors have been carefully selected based on their experience and in-depth knowledge about medical patents in their respective jurisdictions. Each chapter considers such issues and topics as the following: availability of protection; validity of claims; scope of protection; enforcement; and infringement and investigations of SMU claims. This book provides a detailed country-by-country analysis by focusing on specific issues and national peculiarities that deviate from the European Patent Office (EPO) practice. The analysis starts with the availability of the protection for SMU claims and the legal basis these claims are based upon, and then continues with the scope of protection and infringement of SMU claims. A general chapter about the practice of the EPO addresses in particular the latest changes in the format of SMU claims from the 'Swiss-type claims' to the 'EPC 2000 claims'. How this will help you: This book serves as a guide for filing a patent application by assessing the risks of conflict with existing patents or patent applications thereby enabling practitioners to be prepared for defending against infringement and enforcement procedures concerning SMU claims. As a comparative law study on an important and controversial field, this book is of tremendous practical interest for those involved in the industry. Applicants for pharmaceutical patents, third parties, and interested legal practitioners will benefit greatly from its thorough comparative analysis and guidance.
The Grass Is Always Greener Over the Septic Tank
The “marvelously funny” and much-loved humorist explores the perils of suburban living in this New York Times bestseller (Vogue). For years, the Bombecks have heard rumors of a magical land called Suburbia where the air is clean, the grass is trimmed, and children don’t risk getting mugged on their walk to school. After watching their friends flee the city for subdivided utopias like Bonaparte’s Retreat and Mortgage Mañana, Erma and her family load up their belongings and cry, “Station wagons . . . ho!” But life on the suburban frontier is not as perfect as they had hoped. The trees are stunted, the house is cramped, and there’s no grass at all. But the Bombecks will make do, for they are suburbanites now—the last true pioneers! This ebook features an illustrated biography of Erma Bombeck including rare images and never-before-seen documents from the author’s estate.
Equity Also the Forms of Action at Common Law
Frederic William Maitland A été écrit sous une forme ou une autre pendant la plus grande partie de sa vie. Vous pouvez trouver autant d'inspiration de Equity Also the Forms of Action at Common Law Aussi informatif et amusant. Cliquez sur le bouton TÉLÉCHARGER ou Lire en ligne pour obtenir gratuitement le livre de titre $ gratuitement.